Gandeng Pabrikan Swedia, Pindad Bakal Kuasai Teknologi Rudal

08 November 2014

Rudal RBS 70 adalah sebuah sistem pertahanan udara portabel jarak pendek berpemandu laser yang dirancang untuk bisa beroperasi di segala cuaca (photo : Defense Studies)

Liputan6.com, Jakarta – PT Pindad melakukan kerjasama dengan produsen senjata internasional, yakni pabrikan peluru kendali (rudal) asal Swedia, SAAB Dynamic AB. PT Pindad adalah pembuat kendaraan dan alat tempur yang digunakan oleh TNI maupun Polri.

Kerjasama PT Pindad dan SAAB Dynamic ini dilihat langsung oleh Menteri Pertahanan, Ryamizard Ryacudu di area Indo Defence 2014, Kemayoran, Jakarta pada 06 November kemarin.

Perjanjian kerjasama tersebut meliputi pengembangan dan peremajaan sistem pertahanan udara berbasis darat RBS 70 Mk2 TNI Angkatan Darat. Selain itu, turut dibicarakan kerjasama jangka panjang terkait pemberian transfer of technology (ToT) sistem dan rudal RBS 70 Mk2 sesuai Undang Undang Nomor 16 Tahun 2012 tentang Industri Pertahanan.

“Pasti kami mengikuti UU Nomor 16 Tahun 2012, kami akan mengikuti arah kebijakan industri pertahanan Indonesia. Saya yakin SAAB akan melihat ini mulai dari fase-fase teknologi mulai pemeliharaan hingga pembangunan roket nasional. SAAB akan membantu teknologi Indonesia,” Ucap  Michael Hoglund, Deputy Head of Marketing & Sales-Missile Systems SAAB Dynamics dalam Media Gathering di Jakarta, Kamis (06/11/2014).

Di tempat yang sama, PT Pindad sangat berterima kasih kepada SAAB Dynamic karena membantu kemandirian industri pertahanan Indonesia. Program ToT ini diharapkan dapat membantu kemajuan teknologi sistem pertahanan udara nasional.

“Sementara ini teknologi roket belum kita kuasai apalagi teknologi optiknya, kontrolnya, stabilitasnya. Roket indonesia baru sampai roket meluncur saja nanti ke sana akan kita kuasai. Nanti bisa meliputi misil RBS 70 Mk2, New Batteries of RBS 70 Mk2, serta integrasi misil dengan sub sistem kendaraan tempur. Untuk detailnya nanti akan dirumuskan dalam perjanjian selanjutnya,” ungkapnya.

Dalam kolaborasi ini, PT Pindad menjadi kontraktor utama dan SAAB Dynamic AB menjadi sub-kontraktor. PT Pindad yakin pangsa pasar RBS 70 Mk2 masih ada, untuk itu mereka akan giat mempelajari teknologi ini.

“Masih (pangsa pasar), nanti kalau kita sudah kuasai teknologi itu pangsanya sudah ada tidak hanya di Indonesia kan, masih banyak di negara lain Asia bisa juga,” harap Pria berkaca mata ini.

Rudal RBS 70 adalah sebuah sistem pertahanan udara portabel jarak pendek atau MANPADS (Man Portable Air Defence System) buatan Swedia yang dirancang untuk bisa beroperasi di segala cuaca. Untuk jarak jangkau, RBS 70 Mk2 bisa mencapai 8 kilometer dan melesat hingga ketinggian 4.000 meter. Kecepatan RBS 70 Mk2 yakni 2 Mach dengan sistem pemandu laser.

Selain TNI, tentara negara lain seperti dari Argentina, Brazil, Jerman, Singapura, Thailand, dan masih banyak negara lain menggunakan RBS 70 untuk menjaga pertahanan udara mereka. 

(Liputan6)

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Indonesia Targets Shipbuilding Collaboration with France, Germany

17 November 2014

Indonesia to increase naval shipbuilding collaboration with France and Germany (photo : DCNS)

Indonesia has outlined its intention to increase naval shipbuilding collaboration with France and Germany as part of the southeast Asian country’s continuing drive to become a modern maritime power.

Indonesia’s state news agency Antara reported on 16 November that President Joko Widodo met separately with French President Francois Hollande and German Chancellor Angela Markel at the G20 Leaders Summit in Australia to discuss maritime industrial co-operation.

Cabinet Secretary Andi Widjajanto said Indonesia and France had agreed to establish a working group to explore areas of shipbuilding collaboration. With regards to Germany, he added that industrial links would continue in the land systems sector but that “in the wider defence industry both sides will co-operate on what can be done within the maritime [sector]“.

(Jane’s)

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Chinese Weapons Winning Battle for Export Market

Chinese-made armaments have become increasingly popular in the international market, according to an industry insider. “We have observed several successive years of good revenue from the export of our products, and the sales figures keep rising year-on-year,” Liu Song, deputy general manager of research and development at China North Industries Corp, popularly abbreviated as Norinco, told China Daily at the 10th China International Aviation and Aerospace Exhibition. The show, which closed on Sunday, was held in Zhuhai, Guangdong province.

As the export wing of China North Industries Group Corp, the country’s biggest developer and maker of land armaments, Liu’s company brought to the exhibition 44 weapons in six categories, including armored vehicles, anti-tank missiles and multiple rocket launchers.

“Our exhibits cover almost all weapons an army would probably need,” Liu said. “We came here with two goals: showing the achievement of technological innovation made by China’s ground weapon industry, and making more people know our products.”

Having retained traditional clients in South Asia and Middle East regions, Norinco has been successful in winning new buyers in Africa and South America, according to Liu. “The demand for our products from emerging markets continues to expand, and now a lot of foreign armies are coming to us,” Liu said. Here fused to reveal details such as buyers’ identities and sales volume, citing the company’s confidentiality policy.

Among the exhibits Norinco displayed at the show, the VT-4 main battle tank, was arguably the biggest star.

Formerly designated as MBT-3000, the tank features superb mobility and strong firepower as well as a cutting-edge data exchange network, Liu said.

According to Western military publications, the VT-4 is equipped with an electronic-controlled diesel engine with 1,200 horsepower, giving the tank a cruise speed of 68 kilo-meters per hour. Its main gun is a 125-mm smoothbore that can fire various shells, including a kinetic energy penetrator and high explosive anti-tank warhead. In addition, it can also fire anti-tank missiles with a maximum range of 5,000meters.

“It has an advanced fire-control system, a new-type active protection system and a state-of-the-art fully automatic transmission device,” he said. “In addition, the inter-unit network connects commanders of tanks and armored vehicles under a combat group, enabling them to share battlefield data in real time.”

The VT-4 can compete with any first-class tank used by Western militaries such as the United States’ M1A2 Abrams and Germany’s Leopard 2A6, Liu said, adding that Russia’s T-90 is no match for the Chinese tank in terms of technology.

Other weapons Norinco highlighted at the show included the PLZ-52, a new-generation, 155 mm self-propelled howitzer whose predecessor sold well in the Middle East, and the HJ-12 anti-tank missile, which has fire-and-forget capability and can even hit a helicopter flying at slow speed.

“Many of our products were specifically designed for the overseas market. Their capabilities are as good as those of Western weapons, but the prices are much more competitive,” Liu said.

Anthony Cordesman, a national security analyst at the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies, told Bloomberg: “The Chinese systems are simply cheaper, they are reliable and they are tailored to the conditions of developing countries. As the systems get more sophisticated, they will under-cut Europe and the US and compete with Russia.”

During a promotion in August in the Inner Mongolia autonomous region, diplomats, military officials and defense contractors from 44 countries were given a field performance by Norinco’s VT-4 tanks and combat vehicles.

“Several countries have expressed interest in the VT-4 after their officials saw the tank display, and we are negotiating with them on this matter,” Liu said.


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F-35C Completes First Night Flight Aboard Aircraft Carrier

By on Tuesday, November 18th, 2014

The F-35C Lightning II carrier variant Joint Strike Fighter conducted its first carrier-based night flight operations aboard an aircraft carrier off the coast of San Diego Nov. 13.

Navy test pilot Lt. Cmdr. Ted “Dutch” Dyckman piloted F-35C test aircraft CF-03 for the inaugural night flight, taking off from USS Nimitz (CVN 68). At 6:01 p.m. Dyckman conducted a series of planned touch and goes before making an arrested landing at 6:40 pm.

The night flight was part of Development Testing I (DT-I) for the F-35C, which commenced Nov. 3 and is expected to last two weeks. The Nimitz is hosting the F-35 Lightning II Pax River Integrated Test Force from Air Test and Evaluation Squadron (VX) 23 during the initial sea trials of the F-35C.

During DT-I, the test team has conducted a series of events designed to gradually expand the aircraft-operating envelope at sea, including crosswind and low-energy, high-wind catapult launches and approaches to test the aircraft’s ability to perform in both nominal and off-nominal conditions.

Through Nov. 13, two test F-35C aircraft have completed 28 flights for a combined 34.5 flight hours and accomplished more than 75 percent of threshold test requirements. The aircraft also performed 108 catapult launches, 215 planned touch-and-go landings, two long touch and go landings, 110 arrested landings and zero bolters.

Testing thus far has demonstrated the aircraft’s exceptional handling qualities throughout all tested launch and recovery conditions. F-35C maintenance and operations have integrated well with standard Navy carrier procedures onboard Nimitz. The F-35C has proven its ability to operate in the carrier environment and has consistently caught the optimal three-wire during arrested landings. The test team successfully landed during every attempt, with zero hook-down bolters, or failures to catch an arresting cable on the flight deck.

The goal of DT-I, the first of three at-sea test phases planned for the F-35C, is to collect environmental data through added instrumentation to measure the F-35C’s integration to flight deck operations and to further define the F-35C’s operating parameters aboard the aircraft carrier. A thorough assessment of how well the F-35C operated in the shipboard environment will advise the Navy of any adjustments necessary to ensure that the fifth-generation fighter is fully capable and ready to deploy to the fleet in 2018.

The successful night flight of the F-35C represents a step forward in the development of the Navy’s next generation fighter.


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China Wraps Up Air Show with Record Deals

By on Tuesday, November 18th, 2014

China wrapped up its air show in the southern port city of Zhuhai, Guangdong Province on Sunday with over 300 deals worth a record 23.4 billion U.S. dollars signed, according to the show organizer.

The 10th China International Aviation and Aerospace Exhibition, which started on Tuesday, witnessed sales of 227 aircraft of different types.

More than 700 aviation and aerospace manufacturers from 41 countries and regions attended the six-day air show. Meanwhile, the show attracted a record audience of nearly 410,000 people, the organizer said.

More than 130 various aircraft were displayed at the major air show in China, and stunt flying was performed by female fighter pilots from the China Air Force with J-10 fighters, according to the organizer.

The next air show will be held Nov. 1-6, 2016 in Zhuhai, it said.


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USAF Tests, Will Soon Fly, Flapless Wing Design

A feature of aircraft design unchanged for nearly a century may have been twisted into a new shape as a result of a revolutionary new structure being tested in the Mojave Desert.

A specially modified Gulfstream III jet successfully took to the skies over NASA’s Armstrong Flight Research Center Nov. 6 using shape changing wings rather than the standard wing flaps.

The seamless, bendable and twistable surfaces promise to improve aerodynamic efficiency and reduce noise generated during takeoffs and landings.

The Adaptive Compliant Trailing Edge, or ACTE, program is an Air Force Research Laboratory project using flaps designed and built by FlexSys, Inc., of Ann Arbor, Mich. The effort is partnered with NASA’s Environmentally Responsible Aviation project for exploring the feasibility, benefits and technical risks of enabling technologies and vehicle concepts that will reduce aviation’s impact on the environment.

“We’re thrilled this first flight has been a major success and we’re hopeful that further testing will bear out our theories for the potential benefits for this technology,” said Pete Flick, AFRL program manager.

He noted that successful completion of ACTE flight research will cap nearly 20 years of collaboration between AFRL and FlexSys.

With AFRL funding through the Air Force’s Small Business Innovative Research program, FlexSys developed a variable geometry airfoil system called FlexFoil™ that can be retrofitted to existing airplane wings or integrated into brand new airframes. FlexFoil’s inventor, FlexSys founder and CEO Sridhar Kota hopes testing with the modified G-III will confirm the design’s flight-worthiness and open doors to future applications and commercialization.

“Twenty years ago when I approached AFRL with this method, they had the vision to recognize the merit of our design and they have funded us through SBIR Phase 2 and 3 all the way to this flight test. FlexSys replaced the primary trailing edge wing flaps on a Gulfstream III business jet with 18-foot span-wise FlexFoil™ aircraft control surfaces on each wing, including 2-foot wide compliant fairings at each end to eliminate noise-generating gaps in the airframe. With these, it is intended that they’ll be able to alter the wing’s camber, or cross-section, seamlessly on demand to maximize performance throughout the whole flight. The aeronautics community has been trying to accomplish this for almost 40 years,” Kota said.

“This technology can be applied to all kinds of surfaces moving through a fluid medium such as airplane wings, engine inlets, helicopter rotors, and wind turbines, as well as specialized components for automobiles, boats, and submarines,” said Kota, who is also a professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Michigan.

The technology looks to solve a problem that has long faced aircraft designers. Wing flaps that tilt and separate from the wing introduce gaps that produce unwanted drag and a lot of aerodynamic noise, according to Kota. Conventional flaps are also unable to make the fine adjustments necessary at certain phases of flight or when flight conditions are less than optimal.

The FlexFoil structure eliminates these gaps offering potential noise reduction and fuel savings as well as enhanced stability in flight.

“We have progressed from an innovative idea, and matured the concept through multiple designs and wind tunnel tests, to a final demonstration that should prove to the aerospace industry that this technology is ready to dramatically improve aircraft efficiency,” Flick said. “This is a very exciting time for this program.”


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Russia gives France until end of November to deliver warship: report

By on Tuesday, November 18th, 2014

Russia on Friday warned France of “serious” consequences unless Paris delivers by the end of this month a Mistral-class assault warship whose handover has been delayed by concerns over Moscow’s role in the Ukraine crisis, a report said.

“We are preparing for different scenarios. We are waiting until the end of the month, then we will lodge serious claims,” the state news agency RIA Novosti quoted an anonymous high-ranking Moscow source as saying.

The first of two mammoth Mistral helicopter carriers was supposed to be delivered on Friday according to the original deal signed in 2011 and worth 1.2 billion euros ($1.5 billion) for both vessels.

Russia’s state-run arms dealer had been widely expected to attend a ceremony on Friday for the hand-over.

But amid this year’s Ukraine crisis and the rapid decline in the West’s relations with Russia, France has come under intense pressure from its allies, particularly the United States, and in September postponed the delivery.

The Moscow soure said on Friday experts were currently gauging the damage sustained by Russia and it would be made public.

“This amount will not be secret,” the source was quoted as saying by RIA Novosti.


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