27 September 2012
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27 September 2012
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Defence and security company Saab has signed a new contract with the U.S. Army for the company’s Carl-Gustaf man-portable weapon system. This marks the second time the U.S. Army has bought the 84mm recoilless rifle system to equip its forces. The total order value is $31 million (approximately MSEK 205).
Long in service with U.S. Special Operations Forces, the system has only recently been taken into service by the U.S. Army for its regular infantry units as well.
“This is another great milestone for Saab and the Carl-Gustaf system. This new order demonstrates the continued belief by the customer in the capabilities and versatility of our product”, says Tomas Samuelsson, Senior Vice President and Head of Saab’s business area Dynamics.
“The fact that the U.S. Army continues its plans to deploy this game-changing weapon system to its main-line units speaks for itself. The Carl-Gustaf has repeatedly proven itself in the most demanding environments and it is a versatile, powerful tool for the soldier”, said Saab North America President, Dan-Åke Enstedt.
The Carl-Gustaf system has a successful history, and has successively been modernized and adapted to meet new requirements. A true multi-role, man-portable shoulder-fired weapon, the system is in use in more than 40 countries worldwide. Currently produced as the Carl-Gustaf M3 version, Saab continues to develop this reliable system with the aim to provide a more advanced lighter weight version in the future.
With several locations across the U.S., Saab North America, provides a broad range of products, services, and solutions, ranging from defense to homeland security, to customers in the U.S. and Canada.
Saab serves the global market with world-leading products, services and solutions ranging from military defence to civil security. Saab has operations and employees on all continents and constantly develops, adopts and improves new technology to meet customers’ changing needs.
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Eurocopter delivered the first of two EC145s to the Bolivian Air Force last August, during an official ceremony attended by the Bolivian President Evo Morales Ayma and the High Command of the Bolivian Armed Forces and the Bolivian Air Force. These helicopters will be used for government officials’ transportation and to provide support in the event of natural disasters and emergencies.
Eurocopter’s relationship with the Bolivian Air Force dates back to the 1970s with the Lama and Alouette helicopters, renowned for their excellent performance in conditions of extreme altitude and temperatures which made them ideal for operations in Bolivia’s high plateau region. In 2009 they were replaced by the Ecureuil/Astar AS350 B3, which earned its place in aviation history in 2005 for touching down and taking off from the summit of Mount Everest.
In 2011, the Bolivian Air Force ordered two new twin-engine EC145s to further modernize its fleet. This new helicopter, which is highly versatile thanks to its superior safety standards, will be used for VIP transportation and to provide support during natural disasters, rescue missions, fire-fighting, MEDEVAC and parapublic missions, among others.
“We are honored to deliver this aircraft to the Plurinational State of Bolivia, one of the first countries in the region to purchase and operate this powerful helicopter,” said Alexandre Ceccacci, CEO of Eurocopter Cono Sur. “This purchase paves the way for the introduction in Bolivia of new twin-engine helicopters with greater capacity.”
Eurocopter has delivered more than 500 EC145s to some 100 customers in 38 countries. It is the helicopter of choice in the medium-size twin-engine category in view of its flexibility and versatility. This rotary-wing aircraft is renowned worldwide for police and public service missions and operations in conditions of extreme altitude and temperature. Its capacity of up to 10 passengers and an extensive range of cutting-edge optional equipment ensure outstanding performance in a wide array of missions, including onshore and offshore airlift for the oil & gas industries, emergency medical services, police and public services, as well as business and VIP transportation.
Established in 1992, the Franco-German-Spanish Eurocopter Group is a division of EADS, a world leader in aerospace and defense-related services. The Eurocopter Group employs approximately 20,000 people. In 2011, Eurocopter confirmed its position as the world’s number one helicopter manufacturer with a turnover of 5.4 billion Euros, orders for 457 new helicopters and a 43 percent market share in the civil and parapublic sectors.
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Improvised explosive devices and the networks that use these asymmetric weapons, will remain an enduring threat to U.S. forces and the nation for decades to come, the Defense Department’s top counter-IED official told lawmakers, Sept. 20.
“The IED (improvised explosive device) is the weapon of choice for threat networks because they are cheap, made from readily available off-the-shelf components, easy to construct, lethal and accurate,” said Lt. Gen. Michael D. Barbero, Joint IED Defeat Organization, or JIEDDO, director, during testimony to the House Appropriations Committee’s subcommittee on Defense Thursday.
This trend is apparent in Afghanistan, where IED events continue to rise, Barbero said.
“In the past two years, IED events have increased 42 percent, from 9,300 in 2009 to 16,000 in 2011,” he said. “This year, we’re on track to meet or exceed the number of events we saw last year. In fact, this July we saw the highest number of monthly IED events ever recorded.”
A major factor contributing to these high numbers is the use of fertilizer-based homemade explosives.
Nearly 87 percent of IEDs employed against coalition forces in Afghanistan are made with homemade explosives, and of those, 74 percent are made with ammonium nitrate derived from a common agricultural fertilizer, calcium ammonium nitrate, according to data compiled by JIEDDO.
“While the overall number of IED events is high, our ability to find and neutralize them before detonation has improved steadily, helping to reduce U.S. casualties by more than 40 percent since last year,” said Barbero.
Barbero attributes this success to several factors, applying lessons learned in theater to pre-deployment training, fielding increased numbers of counter-IED capabilities, and the commanders and warfighters on the ground continuously refining their tactics, techniques and procedures tailored specifically for the Afghan threat.
As coalition forces transition out of combat operations in Afghanistan, the threat of IEDs will not disappear, Barbero said. Although IEDs have been the focus of combat operations in Afghanistan and Iraq during the last decade, he pointed out the threat posed by IEDs are not limited to those countries or region.
“Since 2007, IED incidents outside of Iraq and Afghanistan have increased to more than 500 events per month,” said Barbero. “Since January 2011, there have been more than 10,000 global IED events occurring in 112 countries that were executed by more than 40 regional and transnational threat networks.
“The extremist networks that employ the IEDs have proven to be resilient, interconnected and extremely violent,” he said. “Globalization, the Internet and social media have all extended the reach of these organizations, providing platforms for recruiting, technical exchanges, training, planning, funding and social interaction.
Acknowledging that IEDs are here to stay and are now a reality of 21st-century warfare throughout the world, JIEDDO, in conjunction with the Department of Defense, has been reviewing proven counter-IED capabilities developed during the past decade to determine which ones should be institutionalized. Based on the review, Barbero said JIEDDO is recommending continuation of investment in the following five counter-IED capabilities:
JIEDDO R&D, ACQUISITION
JIEDDO’s ability to rapidly provide counter-IED solutions to the warfighter in response to the dynamic IED threats they face in combat is the first capability.
“The constantly changing threat environment requires the Defense Department to maintain a higher level of institutional acquisition agility and a continued investment in counter-IED research and development,” Barbero said.
“The continually evolving, adaptive enemy mandates a responsive, agile acquisition and fielding capability,” he said in written testimony. “Our warfighters deserve to have the best capabilities as quickly as possible.”
ACTIONABLE INTELLIGENCE NETWORK
The second capability identified is the ability to fuse operational information and intelligence from all sources to produce actionable intelligence — delivering analytical products that meets the needs of both the warfighter and domestic security partners.
“This is accomplished through a robust and powerful network of partners with whom analytical tools, methodologies and most importantly, information and intelligence, can be shared to identify, and then exploit, the vulnerabilities of these global threat networks,” Barbero said. “The speed at which these networked enemies operate requires us to remain networked in our intelligence and analytical efforts in the future.”
COUNTER IED TRAINING
Counter-IED training is the third capability that must endure and be permanently integrated into each services’ training institutions and centers, he said.
The best counter-IED tool is a well-trained warfighter, and this requires a comprehensive and adaptive pre-deployment training curriculum, said the general. Such training ensures forces have adequate time to understand the integration of all aspects of the counter-IED fight before deploying to theater.
“As we have learned in Iraq and Afghanistan, we can provide the best counter-IED capability to the warfighter, but without the timely and relevant training component, the full capacity of equipment and tactics will never be realized,” Barbero said.
WEAPONS TECHNICAL INTELLIGENCE
The fourth enduring capability is the relevant and timely collection, analysis, and technical and forensic exploitation of current and emerging IED technologies accomplished through weapons technical intelligence, or WTI.
During the past eight years, JIEDDO, the military services, U.S. interagency and multinational partners have developed the WTI process.
“The highly effective WTI process (has allowed us) to derive forensic evidence, fingerprints, DNA and biometrics, to identify personnel and target extremist networks in order to defeat the IED threat,” Barbero said.
“Our tactical commanders in Afghanistan increasingly focus operations to collect biometric and forensic data and several have referred to it as a ‘game changer,’” he said. “WTI removes a violent extremist’s greatest defense, anonymity, and makes them vulnerable to attribution and it must remain a crucial tool in our counter-IED fight.”
The fifth capability calls for a whole-of-governments approach to counter the enduring global IED threat.
“We must continue to synchronize our counter-threat network capabilities and actions among our domestic, international and other security stakeholders,” Barbero said.
JIEDDO co-leads an interagency forum consisting of U.S. intelligence and interagency partners, federal law enforcement, coalition communities and forward-deployed forces. The goal of the forum is to achieve a more transparent and holistic effort to disrupt the threat networks employing IEDs against U.S. and coalition forces.
Maintaining this momentum against an adaptive threat and creative enemy requires the continued focus of the intelligence community to build a common intelligence picture, he said.
“We will continue to face an ever-present threat from the overlapping consortium of networks employing IEDs as their weapon of choice,” Barbero said. “We have to continue to pursue a whole-of-governments approach, knitting together all the tools we have at our disposal in order to non-kinetically attack these networks, including their finances.”
The IED threat and the networks that employ these weapons are here to stay, operationally and here at home, Barbero said.
“As we have done from previous conflicts, we must account for the enduring threat and retain our hard-earned capabilities to counter these threats,” he said. “It is our responsibility to learn and adapt our institutions accordingly. We are committed to providing every possible capability we can to protect our troops into 2014 and beyond.”
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In Fiscal Year 2011, the U.S. Navy Military Sea Lift Command, the primary supplier of fuel and oil to the U.S. Navy fleet, delivered nearly 600 million gallons of fuel to Navy vessels underway, operating 15 fleet replenishment oilers around the globe.
From Seawater to CO2
Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory are developing a process to extract carbon dioxide (CO2) and produce hydrogen gas (H2) from seawater, subsequently catalytically converting the CO2 and H2 into jet fuel by a gas-to-liquids process.
“The potential payoff is the ability to produce JP-5 fuel stock at sea reducing the logistics tail on fuel delivery with no environmental burden and increasing the Navy’s energy security and independence,” says research chemist, Dr. Heather Willauer.
NRL has successfully developed and demonstrated technologies for the recovery of CO2 and the production of H2 from seawater using an electrochemical acidification cell, and the conversion of CO2 and H2 to hydrocarbons (organic compounds consisting of hydrogen and carbon) that can be used to produce jet fuel.
“The reduction and hydrogenation of CO2 to form hydrocarbons is accomplished using a catalyst that is similar to those used for Fischer-Tropsch reduction and hydrogenation of carbon monoxide,” adds Willauer. “By modifying the surface composition of iron catalysts in fixed-bed reactors, NRL has successfully improved CO2 conversion efficiencies up to 60 percent.”
A Renewable Resource
CO2 is an abundant carbon (C) resource in the air and in seawater, with the concentration in the ocean about 140 times greater than that in air. Two to three percent of the CO2 in seawater is dissolved CO2 gas in the form of carbonic acid, one percent is carbonate, and the remaining 96 to 97 percent is bound in bicarbonate.
If processes are developed to take advantage of the higher weight per volume concentration of CO2 in seawater, coupled with more efficient catalysts for the heterogeneous catalysis of CO2 and H2, a viable sea-based synthetic fuel process can be envisioned. “With such a process, the Navy could avoid the uncertainties inherent in procuring fuel from foreign sources and/or maintaining long supply lines,” Willauer said.
NRL has made significant advances developing carbon capture technologies in the laboratory. In the summer of 2009 a standard commercially available chlorine dioxide cell and an electro-deionization cell were modified to function as electrochemical acidification cells. Using the novel cells both dissolved and bound CO2 were recovered from seawater by re-equilibrating carbonate and bicarbonate to CO2 gas at a seawater pH below 6. In addition to CO2, the cells produced H2 at the cathode as a by-product.
These completed studies assessed the effects of the acidification cell configuration, seawater composition, flow rate, and current on seawater pH levels. The data were used to determine the feasibility of this approach for efficiently extracting large quantities of CO2 from seawater. From these feasibility studies NRL successfully scaled-up and integrated the carbon capture technology into an independent skid to process larger volumes of seawater and evaluate the overall system design and efficiencies.
The major component of the carbon capture skid is a three-chambered electrochemical acidification cell. This cell uses small quantities of electricity to exchange hydrogen ions produced at the anode with sodium ions in the seawater stream.
As a result, the seawater is acidified. At the cathode, water is reduced to H2 gas and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is formed. This basic solution may be re-combined with the acidified seawater to return the seawater to its original pH with no additional chemicals. Current and continuing research using this carbon capture skid demonstrates the continuous efficient production of H2 and the recovery of up to 92 percent of CO2 from seawater.
Located at NRL’s Center for Corrosion Science and Engineering facility, Key West, Fla., (NRLKW) the carbon capture skid has been tested using seawater from the Gulf of Mexico to simulate conditions that will be encountered in an actual open ocean process for capturing CO2 from seawater and producing H2 gas. Currently NRL is working on process optimization and scale-up. Once these are completed, initial studies predict that jet fuel from seawater would cost in the range of $3 to $6 per gallon to produce.
How it Works: CO2 + H2 = Jet Fuel
NRL has developed a two-step process in the laboratory to convert the CO2 and H2 gathered from the seawater to liquid hydrocarbons. In the first step, an iron-based catalyst has been developed that can achieve CO2 conversion levels up to 60 percent and decrease unwanted methane production from 97 percent to 25 percent in favor of longer-chain unsaturated hydrocarbons (olefins).
In the second step these olefins can be oligomerized (a chemical process that converts monomers, molecules of low molecular weight, to a compound of higher molecular weight by a finite degree of polymerization) into a liquid containing hydrocarbon molecules in the carbon C9-C16 range, suitable for conversion to jet fuel by a nickel-supported catalyst reaction.
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By 2014, China’s HLS & Public Safety Market1) will replace the U.S. as the world’s leading national HLS & Public Safety market.
Based on the detailed “China 12th Five Year Plan (2011-2015)” documents and HSRC research, the China Homeland Security & Public Safety Market – 2012-2020 report illustrates that:
Note: This claim is debated by many in the west, including the U.S. DOD and HSRC analysts since China’s definition of the defense budget is different than the NATO’s.
In this report, both the Homeland Security as well as the Public Safety markets are included since, in many cases, products have HLS and Public Safety dual-use applications and present the same business opportunities. For example:
With 465 pages, 334 tables and figures, the Report offers for each of its 154 sub-markets 2010-2012 data, funding and market size, as well as 2013-2020 forecasts and analysis. The report is the first and only comprehensive review of the People’s Republic of China’s Homeland Security & Public Safety market report available today. Including
2010-2012 Market and 2013-2020 market forecast and business opportunities by application including:
Safe Cities, Critical Infrastructure Security, Aviation Security, Public Events Security, Maritime Security, Mass Transportation Security, Land Border Security, First Responders, CBRN Terror and Hazmat & Disease Outbreak Mitigation.
2010-2012 Market and 2013-2020 market forecast and business opportunities by technology including:
Smart video surveillance systems, Explosives & Contraband Detection, Bio-Terror & Disease Outbreak Mitigation, People Security Screening, Perimeter Security Systems, Biometric ID, CCTV Surveillance, Information & Communication Technology, Cyber Security, Command, Control & Communication Systems, Natural & Manmade Disaster Rescue & Recovery Equipment, Communication Equipment.
Foreign-based companies market share for each sub-market
Competitive environment: More than 70 leading foreign-based and local vendors and their products.
Market analysis: e.g., market drivers & inhibitors, SWOT analysis.
Business Environment: Three chapters:
Business opportunities and challenges for each “by application” and “by technology” market category.
(1) Excluding the PLA Homeland Defense market and post warranty maintenance and upgrade business
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