Monthly Archives: February 2014

Indonesia Segera Miliki Rudal Penangkis Serangan Udara Buatan Sendiri

25 Februari 2014

Riset propelan akan memungkinkan Indonesia untuk membuat rudal sendiri dalam 2-3 tahun ke depan (photo : Defense Studies), Jakarta : Perang di era modern tak lagi saling berhadapan. Tapi melibatkan persenjataan canggih, termasuk rudal. Sekali tembak, nyawa ribuan orang di posisi target, yang jauhnya ratusan hingga ribuan kilometer, niscaya terancam.

Maka dari itu, rudal penangkal sebagai sistem pertahanan alternatif, menjadi wajib dimiliki. Saat ini, TNI Angkatan Udara, Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional (Lapan), dan PT Dahana, sedang mengembangkan rudal Penangkis Serangan Udara (PSU) jarak sedang. Senjata anti-rudal ini akan dikembangkan dari roket-roket yang telah berhasil dibuat Lapan.

Lapan telah berhasil meluncurkan beberapa tipe roket seperti RX-420 yang memiliki daya jangkau di atas 100 km. Lapan juga sedang mengembangkan roket berdaya jangkau 200 km lebih yaitu RX-550.

“Iya dari pengembangan roket Lapan sebelumnya. Mereka sudah berhasil, peluncurannya sudah lurus. Cuman isiannya, pendorongnya itu masih dikembangkan terus,” ucap Kadispen TNI AU Marsekal Pertama (Marsma) Hadi Tjahjanto saat dihubungi, Jakarta, Selasa (25/02/2014).

Hadi menambahkan, saat ini permasalahan untuk rudal penangkis udara terjadi pada propelannya. Rencananya beberapa tahun ke depan propelan ini sudah bisa diperbaiki dan dilakukan uji coba kembali.

“2 atau 3 tahun ke depan isiannya atau propelannya itu sudah ditemukan akan dibuat uji coba lagi. Kalau memang bagus akan ditawarkan pada BUMN atau Bumnis (Badan Usaha Milik Negara Industri Strategis),” imbuh pria berkumis ini.

Apakah pengembangan ini untuk rudal jarak sedang atau jauh? “Nanti kalau propelannya itu sudah teruji tinggal isiannya mau dibuat jarak sedang atau jauh. Kalau nama rudal nunggu sudah jadi baru dari BUMN dengan Kemenhan yang nanti ngasih nama rudalnya,” jawab Hadi.

Saat ini TNI AU hanya memiliki PSU yang aktif dari kelas jarak pendek seperti Oerlikon, Starstrek, VL Mica dan lain-lain. Kepala Staf Angkatan Udara, Marsekal TNI Ida Bagus Putu Dunia menuturkan saat ini pihaknya sedang menjajaki PSU untuk jarak sedang. Rencana ini akan disusun di Minimum Esential Force (MEF) rentra kedua (2015-2019).

“Untuk 10 sampai 100 km itu perlu kendali jarak sedang, sekarang kita lagi diproses. Mudah-mudahan segera melengkapi sistem pertahanan kita,” kata Putu saat menerima 16 unit pesawat T-50i dari Korea Aerospace Industry (KAI) di Lanud Halim Perdakusuma, Jakarta Timur, Kamis 13 Februari 2014.


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Big Mechanism Seeks the “Whys” Hidden in Big Data

As commercial technologies become more advanced and widely available, adversaries are rapidly developing capabilities that put our forces at risk. To counter these threats, the U.S. military is developing systems-of-systems concepts in which networks of manned and unmanned platforms, weapons, sensors, and electronic warfare systems interact over robust satellite and tactical communications links.

These approaches offer flexible and powerful options to the warfighter, but the complexity introduced by the increase in the number of employment alternatives creates a battle management challenge. Current battle management systems often lack the benefit of automated aids to help comprehend and adapt to dynamic situations.

Further complicating matters, in future conflicts U.S. forces may face degradation or denial of critical communications capabilities essential for coordination and shared situation understanding. With both the complexity of coordinating innovative systems of systems, and the sophistication of adversary capabilities expected to grow, automated decision aids become vital.

DARPA’s Distributed Battle Management (DBM) program aims to address these challenges. The program aims to develop control algorithms and demonstrate robust decision-aid software for battle management at the tactical edge.

“We’re looking for innovative algorithms from the planning and control theory communities that go beyond current algorithms, many of which assume assured communications in the tactical environment,” said Craig Lawrence, DARPA program manager.

“Advanced human-machine interaction technologies for cockpits and battle manager stations are also an area where we’re looking for novel approaches to enable greater comprehension and quick decision making in an increasingly contested and complex battlespace.”

The program envisions two phases. Phase 1 focuses on technology development-planning, control, and situation understanding algorithms, and design of appropriate human-machine interfaces-and system engineering.

Phase 2 plans for a team to build an integrated DBM capability to manage air-to-air and air-to-ground combat in a contested environment and to demonstrate that capability in large-scale simulation and live fly events.

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Hagel Outlines Budget Reducing Troop Strength, Force Structure

Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel has proposed cuts in military spending that include further reductions in troop strength and force structure in every military service in the coming year as part of an effort to prioritize U.S. strategic interests in the face of reduced resources after more than a decade of war.

At a Pentagon news conference today detailing President Barack Obama’s proposed Pentagon budget for fiscal year 2015, Hagel called the reductions — including shrinking the Army to its smallest size since before World War II and eliminating an entire fleet of Air Force fighter planes — “difficult choices” that will change defense institutions for years to come, but designed to leave the military capable of fulfilling U.S. defense strategy and defending the homeland against strategic threats.

Under a Pentagon budget that will shrink by more than $75 billion over the next two years — with deeper cuts expected if sequestration returns in fiscal year 2016 — Hagel and other senior defense and military officials acknowledged that some of the budget choices will create additional risks in certain areas.

Some of that risk, Hagel said, is associated with a sharp drawdown in the size of the Army, which the proposed budget calls for reducing to as low as 440,000 active duty soldiers from the current size of 520,000, while ensuring the force remains well trained and equipped.

The cuts assume the United States no longer becomes involved in large, prolonged stability operations overseas on the scale of Iraq and Afghanistan. “An Army of this size is larger than required to meet the demands of our defense strategy,” Hagel said. “It is also larger than we can afford to modernize and keep ready.” But he said the smaller force still would be capable of decisively defeating aggression in one major war “while also defending the homeland and supporting air and naval forces engaged in another theater against an adversary.”

The budget request calls for special operations forces to grow by nearly 4,000 personnel, bringing the total to 69,700, a reflection of the asymmetrical threats the nation is likely to face in the future, Hagel said.

The restructuring and downsizing are in line with a two-year budget agreement that the president and Congress worked out in December, which limits defense spending to $496 billion. But Hagel warned today that if the budget for fiscal year 2016 returns to the steep, automatic spending cuts imposed by sequestration, “we would be gambling that our military will not be required to respond to multiple major contingencies at the same time.”

Asked to define that increased risk, a senior Defense Department official expressed it simply. “If the force is smaller, there’s less margin for error,” the official said. “Let’s face it — things are pretty uncertain out there.”

The proposed budget also envisions a 5-percent reduction in the Army National Guard and Army Reserve. “While it is true that reserve units are less expensive when they are not mobilized, our analysis shows that a reserve unit is roughly the same cost as an active duty unit when mobilized and deployed,” Hagel said.

In addition, the Army Guard’s Apache attack helicopters would be transferred to the active force, while Black Hawk helicopters would be transferred to the National Guard, part of a broader realignment of Army aviation designed to modernize the fleet and increase capability.

Within the Air Force, the defense budget calls for saving $3.5 billion by retiring the A-10 fleet and replacing it with the F-35 by the early 2020s.

“The A-10 is a 40-year old, single-purpose airplane originally designed to kill enemy tanks on a Cold War battlefield,” Hagel said. “It cannot survive or operate effectively where there are more advanced aircraft or air defenses.” In addition, the service also will retire the 50 year-old U-2 surveillance plane in favor of the unmanned Global Hawk.

Hagel warned that much deeper cuts in Air Force structure and modernization will be necessary if sequestration is not avoided in 2016.

Among other proposals in the budget request:

  • The Army will cancel the Ground Combat Vehicle program;
  • The Navy would be able to maintain 11 carrier strike groups, but any steep future cuts could require mothballing the aircraft carrier USS George Washington;
  • Half of the Navy’s cruiser fleet, 11 ships, will be placed in reduced operating status while they are modernized and given a longer lifespan;
  • The Navy will continue buying two destroyers and attack submarines per year;
  • The Marine Corps will draw down from about 190,000 to 182,000, but would have to shrink further if sequestration returns;
  • An additional 900 Marines will be devoted to securing U.S. embassies; and
  • The Defense Department is asking Congress for another round of base closings and realignments in 2017.

Hagel said most of the recommendations in the budget were accepted by senior military officers. Addressing reporters alongside him, Army Gen. Martin E. Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said the spending plan reflects a balancing of the military while ensuring it remains the world’s finest.

“It reflects in real terms how we’re reducing our cost and making sure the force is in the right balance,” Dempsey said.

Dempsey and Hagel will testify on the budget before Congress next week. Lawmakers will have the final say on spending decisions.

“This is the first time in 13 years we will be presenting a budget to Congress that is not a war footing budget,” Hagel noted.

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Successful Trials of Akash Surface to Air Missile System

Akash, the indigenously designed developed and produced Surface to Air missile for the Indian Army, was once again successfully flight tested today at the Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur.

These were part of a series of trials being conducted in various engagement modes from the first of Production Model system being produced to equip two regiments of Indian Army.

Both today’s flight destroying a target in receding ting mode, as well as the one conducted on 21st Feb 2014 destroying an approaching target, fully met the mission objectives and few more trials are planned in different engagement modes.

“Development and production of Akash weapon system with the active participation of DRDO labs, Public Sector Units (PSUs), Ordnance Factories, National R&D Laboratories, academic Institutions and about 200 private industries is yet another symbol of India’s strength in making indigenous weapon systems”, stated Shri Avinash Chander, Scientific Adviser to Raksha Mantri and Secretary Dept of Defence R&D, congratulating the production agencies, Indian Army and DRDO team. “The successful trials show the continuing excellence of Indian weapon systems”.

Akash is India’s first indigenously designed, developed and produced air defence system Surface to Air missile capable of engaging aerial threats upto a distance of approximately 25 kms. The multi target, multi directional, all weather air-defense system consisting of surveillance and tracking radars, control centers and ground support systems mounted on high mobility vehicles for the “Army” version of Akash is designed to enable integration with other air defense command and control networks through secured communication links.

Developed by DRDO, the Army version of Akash is being produced by Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) as the nodal production agency with the involvement of Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and a large number of other industries.

The total production value of Akash air defence systems cleared for induction by Indian Army and Indian Air force is more than Rs 23,000 crore.

Sh. G Chandramouli, Project Director Akash supervised the overall trial operations in the presence of senior army officials and officials from BDL and BEL who are attending the trials.

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Lockheed Demonstrates JAGM Dual-Mode Guidance Section in Recent Flight Test

By on Wednesday, February 26th, 2014

Lockheed Martin has recently demonstrated the Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM) dual-mode guidance section engaging a laser-designated moving target during an internally funded flight test at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.

The rail-mounted JAGM guidance section flew six kilometers, engaged its precision-strike, semi-active laser and hit the moving target. The flight test, which was part of Lockheed Martin’s internal research and development program, is an important risk reduction milestone critical to Lockheed Martin’s performance on the U.S. Army’s 27-month Continued Technology Development (CTD) program.

“This flight test demonstrates the maturity of Lockheed Martin’s JAGM solution, and our readiness to enter production upon completion of the Army’s CTD program,” said Frank St. John, vice president of tactical missiles and combat maneuver systems at Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control.

“We will continue risk reduction activities to ensure that our JAGM system is affordable and provides significant performance advantages to meet warfighter needs.”

Prior to the flight test, Lockheed Martin completed an extensive Critical Design Review demonstrating that the dual-mode design meets all customer-specified requirements. The dual-mode seeker features the HELLFIRE precision-strike semi-active laser and the all-weather fire-and-forget LONGBOW millimeter wave radar sensors demonstrated in prior JAGM guided flights.

Lockheed Martin’s JAGM guidance section will be manufactured on the existing HELLFIRE production line. The modularity and open architecture of Lockheed Martin’s JAGM design readily support a low-risk spiral to a tri-mode seeker, should the Army’s Incremental Acquisition Strategy require it in the future.

Platforms for JAGM include the U.S. Army’s AH-64 Apache attack helicopter and MQ-1C Gray Eagle unmanned aerial system. Lockheed Martin’s JAGM is also compatible with other HELLFIRE platforms.

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The Helicopter and Systems Market Thrives in Emerging Countries

The helicopter industry has been marked with notable ups and downs in 2013, both requested orders in transitioning economies and terminations in the West, such as in North America, the largest helicopter market in the world. The dialogue between industry and customers is therefore becoming increasingly challenging, blurring potential opportunities for OEMs on the short and medium term.

A new Frost & Sullivan Market Insight, “Global Helicopter & Systems Market: Capturing Growth Opportunities across the Rotorcraft Industry”, highlights the progressive decrease of helicopter deliveries across Western Regions, while substantial growth is registered in Asia-Pacific, Central Asia and the Middle-East – as part of these regions’ military modernization program and investments in civilian infrastructure.

“Platform deliveries in North America and Europe account for nearly 47 percent of the total units being procured in 2014 (nearly 2170 units in total) but are expected to lose at least 10 percent by 2022, whereas deliveries among other regions will represent almost 63 percent of the market in 2022 (at least 2375 new platforms to be delivered),” notes Frost & Sullivan Aerospace & Defence Research Analyst Alix Leboulanger. “Negative repercussions will concentrate in the military segment, the largest chunk of the helicopter market. The civilian segments, on the other hand, are expected to remain steady.”

In the context of the existing biggest helicopter fleets, North America and Europe hold the most significant opportunities when it comes to aftermarket support, with a notable CAGR of 2.59 percent in North America between 2014 and 2022. The cumulated market size across North America is expected to account for $58.05 billion, whereas European aftermarket support will reach at least $23.1 billion.

The ongoing platform renewal cycle initiated ten years ago is presently driving several opportunities among different services segments. In the light of shrinking budgets, platform retrofit is being preferred against new platform acquisition across Western military and paramilitary end users. As a result, system integration opportunities during platform upgrades are expected to rise steadily at a CAGR of 2.71 percent in North America and 4.3 percent in Europe. Both regions present an aggregated market size of $9.37 billion for 2014-2022.

On the other hand, helicopter maintenance and upgrades present interesting prospects in the medium term for new systems adoption, with avionics and mission systems. However, the line between platform acquisition and maintenance business models is becoming increasingly blurry in the Western regions, and market players are currently working on new business models options.

Emerging markets comprise significant opportunities among new helicopter procurements, with a forecast market size of $146.84 billion between 2014 and 2022 for military and civil new platform deliveries, and a related market size of $46.33 billion for service support during the same period.

Price sensitivity is one of the most significant challenges being assessed by potential buyers, closely followed by technology transfer issues. Budget constraints and foreign military sales (FMS) also trigger potential new strategies from U.S traditional FMS packages.

“The question now is to look at the current military helicopter market situation and assess how to grasp upcoming opportunities”, adds Leboulanger. “The two main strategies may be branding the offset and indigenization promises or leveraging on FMS and loan packages for swift deployment. Both approaches might preserve leading North American and European rotorcraft manufacturers, but what would the impact be for other OEMs?”

Reinforcing bilateral trade and R&D could be one way to meet offset and foreign investment policies for emerging helicopter OEMs and system integrators. Other approaches may include implementing the theoretical concept of open innovation at the platform system level, or strengthening ties across helicopter logistic and maintenance support through common distribution channels.

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BAE Systems: 60% of US Businesses Have Increased Cyber Security Budget

Majority of American companies view targeted cyber attack as a top 3 business risk. Organized groups of fraudsters viewed as presenting greatest cyber threat. Grasp of vulnerabilities and threat intelligence named as best tools to help Boards tackle threat

BAE Systems Applied Intelligence today quantifies the extent of the impact on US businesses of the wave of recent high-profile cyber attacks in December 2013 and January 2014. New research conducted this month reveals that the attacks on international businesses, including banks and retail giants such as Target, led to a significant 60% of US businesses surveyed increasing their cyber security budget. Of those businesses planning to increase their cyber security budget over the next 12 months, a resounding 78% cited the recent attacks as having a significant influence on their decision.

The international research also found that 53% of US companies surveyed now regard the threat from cyber attacks as one of their top three business risks, mirroring the recent warning from the World Economic Forum that cyber attacks are among the 5 biggest threats facing the world in 2014.1 The research details business concerns and opinion around cyber and indicates a strong demand from major global companies for greater intelligence about the nature of new cyber threats and a better understanding of business vulnerability.

The new findings come as BAE Systems Applied Intelligence releases “Business and the Cyber Threat: the rise of Digital Criminality”, which found that the majority of US respondents (82%) expected the number of targeted cyber attacks to increase over the next two years.2 It was immediately striking that organized groups of fraudsters were identified by the highest number of respondents in both the US (52%) and across the survey group as a whole (55%), as the group considered most likely to mount attacks. This would seem to point to a concern around the potential damage of cyber-enabled fraud attacks of precisely the nature experienced by Target and others.

The research also showed that businesses believe that their increasing exposure to cyber threats, caused by new ways of working, poses a risk as they adapt business practices to keep pace with the hyper-connected world. For example, 72% of North American respondents thought the cyber risk posed by mobile technologies was a significant risk but only 61% were confident they understood the risks.3

Faced with these challenges, it was alarming to note that a significant proportion of respondents – around a third (31% in the US and 30% globally) – still did not believe that their Board of Directors fully understood the risks presented by cyber. To investigate further, the research then explored which tools respondents believed would help their Boards to take greater action to prevent cyber attacks. Having a clearer understanding of vulnerabilities (advocated by 53% of respondents in the US and 50% overall) and having intelligence about upcoming threats (44% in the US and 47% overall) proved the most popular responses.

Martin Sutherland, Managing Director, BAE Systems Applied Intelligence, said:

“What this research clearly shows is that US businesses are increasingly aware of the cyber threat and have a range of counter measures in place. However, digital crime as a whole – a dangerous combination of organized groups of criminals using cyber techniques to carry out financial crime – is also a major concern, particularly since the most recent wave of high-profile attacks.

“And as the number of avenues open to criminals in a hyper-connected world increases, we are seeing a genuine hunger from businesses for a clearer understanding of their own vulnerabilities and up to the minute cyber threat intelligence.”

Further US findings:

  • Cost: 29% of respondents estimated a successful cyber attack would cost their organisation more than US$75 million, a further 20% said more than US$15 million.
  • Cause of attacks: The group identified as most likely to mount target attacks by the highest number of US respondents was organised groups of fraudsters (55% of respondents). Americans were more concerned about those involved in industrial espionage than any other market (47% compared to 40% in Canada, 37% in the UK and 35% in Australia).
  • Concern: When asked what they would be most concerned about in the event of a successful attack, the most common response in the US was loss of customer data (61%). The second ranking concern amongst US respondents was theft of intellectual property – with Americans noticeably more concerned about IP theft than other markets (47% or respondents compared to 38% in Canada, 35% in the UK, and 43% in Australia).
  • Confidence: A substantial majority (88%) were confident in their organisation’s ability to prevent targeted cyber attacks. A smaller, but still large majority (77%), were confident in their sector’s ability to prevent attacks.
  • Crisis Plans: 28% of US organisations surveyed still did not have, or were unaware of, crisis plans in the event of a cyber attack on their company. Of those respondents who did have crisis plans, 56% thought these were well publicised. In Canada 70% of those surveyed said they had crisis plans, but only 37% of those with plans said they were well publicized.
  • Convergence: Of those respondents who had encountered cyber-enabled fraud, 55% of US respondents and 50% of Canadian respondents expect cyber to play an increasing role in financial fraud.

Martin Sutherland, Managing Director, BAE Systems Applied Intelligence, continued:

“The recent attacks demonstrate that there is no ‘silver bullet’ and a combination of robust processes, and controls, user awareness and vigilant security operations all have to play a part in protecting the enterprise. However, these approaches are only as good as the information used to implement them.

“In order to adapt to the ever evolving threat landscape, companies will also need to develop holistic threat intelligence management programs supported by security platforms that not only provide the raw intelligence data but also the ability to process and analyze large amounts of complicated information as quickly and clearly as possible.”

BAE Systems Applied Intelligence continues to develop ground breaking analytics tools that enable businesses to make the best possible use of all the threat data and intelligence they receive in order to defend themselves and their customers from digital criminality and keep one step ahead of an increasingly sophisticated group of adversaries.

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